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Jerusalem

Time line

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1000 BCE until 00 CE

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1000 BCE

Approximately 1000 B.C. King David captures the city Jebus, and makes it the capital of his United Kingdom.

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950 BCE

King Solomon builds the first Temple.

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701 BCE

Sennacherib king of Assyria attacks Jerusalem but failed to capture it.

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586 BCE

Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon conquers Jerusalem and destroys the First Temple.

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538 BCE

Cyrus king of Persia allows the Jewish exiles to return from Babylon.

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515 BCE

Completion of the building of the Second Temple by the Returnees. Ezra and Nehemiah rebuild the city walls.

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332 BCE

Alexander the Great conquers Jerusalem.

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63 BCE

Pompey conquers Jerusalem. Beginning of the Roman period.

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37 BCE

Herod the Great anointed King of Judah enlarges the Temple mount and rebuilds the Temple.

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00 CE until today

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27 - 33

Jesus was crucified

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70

The destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple by Titus, the Roman.

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132 - 135

The Bar Kokhba revolt. Second Jewish revolt against Rome.

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135

Jerusalem rebuilt by the Emperor Hadrian as a Roman city and named Aelia Capitolina.

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335

Constantine the Great begins construction of the The Church of the Holy Sepulchre.

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614

Jerusalem conquered by the Persians.

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638

Jerusalem was conquered by the Muslim Calif Umar ibn al-Khattab.

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691

The Dome of the Rock built by Abd el-Malik.

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1099

Jerusalem conquered by the Crusadersders.

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1187

Jerusalem conquered by Saladin.

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1516

Jerusalem captured by the Ottoman Empire.

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1538 - 1540

Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent builds the city walls of Jerusalem.

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1917

British Mandate period following the British victory over the Turks in World War I.

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1948 - 1967

Jerusalem is divided between Israel and Jordan.

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1967- Today

After the Six Day War in 1967 Jerusalem reunified under Israeli control.

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